Vegetation from coastal sand dunes, muddy coastal areas, slightly brackish lakes, and river deltas is especially scarce in the surrounding countries. By the 490s, Clovis I had conquered and united all these territories in the southern Netherlands in one Frankish kingdom, and from there continued his conquests into Gaul. In the other, higher area, the layers of sand and gravel in the eastern part of the country were pushed sideways and upward in some places by ice tongues of the Saale Glacial Stage, forming elongated ridges that may reach a height of more than 330 feet (100 metres) and are the principal feature of the Hoge Park Veluwe National Park. A parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, the kingdom includes its former colonies in the Lesser Antilles: Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten. The Randstad has a population of about 8.2 million inhabitants[202] and is the 5th largest metropolitan area in Europe. km of land area) | Data | Table", "Every Dutch citizen will live within 31 miles of an electric vehicle charging station by 2015", "CIA World Factbook | Field listing: Railways", "NS to up frequency of Amsterdam to Eindhoven trains to six an hour –", "CBS StatLine – Motor vehicles; general overview per period and technological features", "European Cyclists' Federation – The first EU wide ECF Cycling Barometer launched", "Why is cycling so popular in the Netherlands? Although there were thousands of Dutch who risked their lives by hiding Jews from the Germans, over 20,000 Dutch fascists joined the Waffen SS,[92] fighting on the Eastern Front. Other activities include sailing, fishing, cycling, and bird watching. The rest of Frisia in the north (now Friesland and Groningen) continued to maintain its independence and had its own institutions (collectively called the "Frisian freedom"), which resented the imposition of the feudal system. These insurance companies are obliged to provide a package with a defined set of insured treatments. die Niederlande (German), les Pays-Bas (French) and los Países Bajos (Spanish). Busy roads have received some 35,000 km of dedicated cycle tracks, physically segregated from motorised traffic.

Healthcare in the Netherlands is covered by two statutory forms of insurance: While Dutch residents are automatically insured by the government for AWBZ, everyone has to take out their own basic healthcare insurance (basisverzekering), except those under 18 who are automatically covered under their parents' premium. The Netherlands is bounded by the North Sea to the north and west, Germany to the east, and Belgium to the south. About two-thirds of the population between 15 and 75 participates in sports weekly. The circuit was purpose-built for the Dutch TT in 1954, with previous events having been held on public roads. Additionally, until the 19th century peat was mined, dried, and used for fuel, further exacerbating the problem.

Country Sheet: The Netherlands (NL) 1. [150], Beginning in the 1950s, the Netherlands discovered huge natural gas resources. The relative lack of farms allowed for an abundance of game and husbandry, though dishes near the coastal regions of Friesland, Groningen and the parts of Overijssel bordering the IJsselmeer also include a large amount of fish. One euro was equivalent to 2.20371 Dutch guilders.

The Dutch East Indies, which later formed modern-day Indonesia, was one of the most valuable European colonies in the world and the most important one for the Netherlands. It is widely spoken on these islands.

+599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved, .nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands.

Powerful local nobles turned their cities, counties and duchies into private kingdoms that felt little sense of obligation to the emperor. About half of this area (more than one-fourth of the total area of the country) actually lies below sea level.

In 2007, the Betuweroute, a new fast freight railway from Rotterdam to Germany, was completed.

The King's grave of Oss (700 BC) was found in a burial mound, the largest of its kind in western Europe and containing an iron sword with an inlay of gold and coral.

The goal of the Dutch government is to reduce emissions in 2030 by 49%. This was translated as Neder-landen in contemporary Dutch official documents.

[241] In 2015, Amsterdam and Rotterdam were ranked fourth and fifth, respectively, on the Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index. The Zuiderzee was originally an estuary of the Rhine River. The islands are part of the Lesser Antilles and have maritime borders with Anguilla, Curaçao, France (Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sint Maarten, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela.[16]. [208], The first of these recognised regional languages is Low Saxon (Nedersaksisch in Dutch). | Taalcanon", "Cittaslow Vaals: verrassend, veelzijdig, veelkleurig". The population of the Netherlands was predominantly Christian until the late 20th century, divided into a number of denominations. The Netherlands has a long tradition of social tolerance. The oliebol (in its modern form) and Zeeuwse bolus are good examples. [97] The 1960s and 1970s were a time of great social and cultural change, such as rapid de-pillarisation characterized by the decay of the old divisions along political and religious lines.

After completing a particular stream, a pupil may still continue in the penultimate year of the next stream.

While Curaçao, Aruba and Sint Maarten have a constituent country status, the Caribbean Netherlands are three islands designated as special municipalities of the Netherlands. He established the Archdiocese of Utrecht and became bishop of the Frisians.

In May 2013, inflation was at 2.8% per year. Successfully completing the vmbo results in a low-level vocational degree that grants access to the MBO. [171], With a total road network of 139,295 km, which includes 2,758 km of expressways,[172] the Netherlands has one of the densest road networks in the world—much denser than Germany and France, but still not as dense as Belgium. The Netherlands is also referred to as Holland in various languages, including English.

Many of these were reclaimed in later centuries (as mentioned above), while others now form highly valued outdoor recreational areas.

The Netherlands has been among the top three countries in each report published since 2005. [212] The Netherlands has a tradition of learning foreign languages, formalised in Dutch education laws. The project started in 1958 and was largely completed in 1997 with the completion of the Maeslantkering.

Despite government-encouraged emigration after World War II, which prompted some 500,000 persons to leave the country, the Netherlands is today one of the world’s most densely populated countries.

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